External Links

Body Composition

Glycemic Control & Diabetes

  • Lemieux I, Lamarche B, Couillard C, Pascot A, Cantin B, Bergeron J et al. Total Cholesterol/HDL Cholesterol Ratio vs LDL Cholesterol/HDL Cholesterol Ratio as Indices of Ischemic Heart Disease Risk in Men: The Quebec Cardiovascular Study. JAMA Internal Medicine 2001; 161: 2685-2692.
  • Rodriguez-Capote K, Tovell K, Holmes D, Dayton J, Higgins TN. Analytical evaluation of the Diazyme glycated serum protein assay on the siemens ADVIA 1800: comparison of results against HbA1c for diagnosis and management of diabetes. J Diabetes Sci Technol 2015; 9: 192-199.
  • Ribeiro RT, Macedo MP, Raposo JF. HbA1c, Fructosamine, and Glycated Albumin in the Detection of Dysglycaemic Conditions. Curr Diabetes Rev 2016; 12: 14-19.
  • Fowler M. Hyperglycemic Crisis in Adults: Pathophysiology, Presentation, Pitfalls, and Prevention. Clinical Diabetes 2009; 27: 19-23.
  • Westerberg DP. Diabetic ketoacidosis: evaluation and treatment. Am Fam Physician 2013; 87: 337-346.
  • Freitas PAC, Ehlert LR, Camargo JL. Glycated albumin: a potential biomarker in diabetes. Arch Endocrinol Metab 2017; 61: 296-304.
  • Welsh KJ, Kirkman MS, Sacks DB. Role of Glycated Proteins in the Diagnosis and Management of Diabetes: Research Gaps and Future Directions. Diabetes Care 2016; 39: 1299-1306.
  • Zoppi F, Mosca A, Granata S, Montalbetti N. Glycated proteins in serum: effect of their relative proportions on their alkaline reducing activity in the fructosamine test. Clin Chem 1987; 33: 1895-1897.
  • Prior TW, Chapman JF, Bankson DD. Sensitivity of serum fructosamine in short term glycemic control. Ann Clin Lab Sci 1989; 19: 107-113.
  • Wolfsdorf JI, Allgrove J, Craig ME, Edge J, Glaser N, Jain V et al. ISPAD Clinical Practice Consensus Guidelines 2014. Diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state. Pediatr Diabetes 2014; 15 Suppl 20: 154-179.

Kidney Function

Calcium & Magnesium

The Acid-base Balance

Acid-base Disorders

Calculated Parameters

Innate Immunity